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Volume 89, Number 1, Spring 1997 Table of Contents

Texts and Documents

Gabrielle Alioth
Zwei Kurzgeschichten
Gabrielle Alioth was born in Basel in 1955. After studying economics in Basel and later art history, philosophy, and political science at the University of Salzburg, she left academia to become a translator and free-lance writer, working for Die Zeit, Emma, Tagesspiegel, and for radio stations. Since 1984 she has lived in Julianstown, Ireland, and has gradually established herself as a new voice in contemporary Swiss literature. In 1990 she published her first novel, Der Narr, for which she received the literary prize of Hamburg for a first novel. Two more novels followed, Wie ein kostbarer Stein (1994) and Die Arche der Frauen (1995). One of her many reading tours, sponsored by Pro Helvetia, brought her in 1995 to Madison, where she read the texts which are published here for the first time. (RG)



G. Ronald Murphy
The Light Worlds of the Heliand
The role of light in the Heliand is extensive and profound. Light both marks the inclusio structure of the epic and is the basis for a Germanic-Christian spirituality of “light-worlds.” The night sky and daylight, the road to birth and death, human happiness itself are depicted as light-experiences. This reading of the poem explains for the first time the central position in the epic of the Transfiguration of Christ into light. Traditionally cited sources for the Heliand: Cynewulf, Gregory the Great, Bede, Alcuin and Rabanus are examined closely on this point. The author identifies biblical sources and concludes that the unknown poet’s luminous reimagining of Scripture is his own. (GRM)


Daniela Hempen
Grenzüberschreitungen: Begegnungen mit der wilden Frau in dem mittelhochdeutschen Epos Wolfdietrich B
This article examines the role of the Wild Woman in the Middle High German epic Wolfdietrich B (about 1250). As the relationship between the knight Wolfdietrich and the “rûhe” Else demonstrates, the danger and attractiveness of the Wild Woman lies in her power to blur the strictly demarcated boundaries between the medieval concepts of “civilization and wilderness,” “human and animal,” and “masculinity and femininity.” By turning Wolfdietrich into a madman, roaming the woods like a wild animal, the “rûhe” Else isolates him from medieval courtly society and subjects him to her control. Yet, despite her unique power and her seemingly subversive role, the Wild Woman is not permitted to pose any ultimate threat to medieval civilization. Wolfdietrich B shows that the Wild Woman is subject to (her feminine) nature and that she can be turned into a conventional courtly lady through her initiation into a Christian civilization. (DH) (In German)


Louis Gerrekens
Demontage verlorener Hoffnungen: Arthur Schnitzlers “Die Frau des Richters” oder die literarische Verdrängung eines Scheiterns
The anonymous narrator in Arthur Schnitzler’s “Die Frau des Richters” plays an essential, though not yet fully acknowledged part in the narrative. An analysis of his unconsciously biased perspective reveals various underlying strategies of life-interpretation, all of which ultimately prove to be active in the making of a chaotic world: The use of psychological and religious motifs, and literary allusions, e.g., to Goethe’s Werther or to Kleist’s Der zerbrochene Krug, contributes to the characters’ more or less unconscious self-delusion. Therefore, the narrator’s blindness and inconsistency make him a deeply involved exponent of the world he at first sight merely seems to describe—and they make the novella an all-too-risky trap for a naive reader. (LG) (In German)


Ulrich Wesche
Metaphorik bei Peter Handke
This investigation of the use of metaphor in key works by Peter Handke is based on George Steiner’s definition of modernity as the “break of the covenant between word and world.” The evolution of metaphor in Handke implies and illustrates his position via-à-vis modernism. In Handke’s oeuvre, a radical critique of metaphor is followed by a cautious return, beginning with Langsame Heimkehr (1979), to a more considered use of metaphor. In “Die kleine Fabel der Esche von München,” Handke demonstrates the inner workings of this cautious and sparing use of metaphor. (UW) (In German)


Michelle Mattson
The Function of the Cultural Stereotype in a Minor Literature: Alev Tekinay’s Short Stories
This article examines the work of Alev Tekinay, a Turkish immigrant to Germany, who writes in German. The author’s surprising use of cultural stereotypes forms the central puzzle. The article argues Tekinay’s use of stereotypes must be rethought within the context of a non- native use of language. Although potentially a critical device to destabilize cultural stereotypes, such material has its drawbacks, since it relies on the willingness and the ability of the reader to recognize the estrangement of the stereotype in Tekinay’s writings. This article also explores other explanations for her stereotypes and clichés, namely whether she is utilizing Orientalist discourse to turn it against itself, or whether she has simply internalized the elements of Orientalism. Readers will find evidence for both alternatives. Whatever interpretation one prefers, Tekinay’s use of stereotypes as a literary vehicle allows us to explore cultural and personal identity and to confront our often ill-defined conceptualizations of our own identity with its reduction through stereotype. (MM)


Book Reviews

Achberger, Friedrich, Fluchtpunkt 1938. Essays zur "sterreichischen Literatur zwischen 1918 und 1938 (Andreas Lixl-Purcell)

Barner, Wilfried, Hrsg., Geschichte der deutschen Literatur: 1945 bis zur Gegenwart (Walter Tschacher)

Bentzinger, Rudolf und Norbert Richard Wolf, Hrsg., Arbeiten zum Frühneuhochdeutschen. Gerhard Kettmann zum 65. Geburtstag (Erik Macki)

Demuth, Volker, Realität als Geschichte. Biographie, Historie und Dichtung bei J.M.R. Lenz (Karin A. Wurst)

Dräscher, Barbara, Subjektive Authentizität: Zur Poetik Christa Wolfs zwischen 1964 und 1975 (Helga Braunbeck)

Greiner, Wilhelm, “Bei euch in Amerika—bei uns in Europa,” Kurt Tucholskys Amerikabild (Sara Markham)

Grimm, Reinhold and Jost Hermand, eds., High and Low Cultures: German Attempts at Mediation (Wolfgang Paulsen)

Grubmüller, Klaus, Hrsg., Nürnberger Prosa-Äsop (Sara Westphal)

Hellerich, Siegmar V., Religionizing, Romanizing Romantics: The Catholico-Christian Camouflage of the Early German Romantics: Wackenroder, Tieck, Novalis, Friedrich & August Wilhelm Schlegel (Gordon E. Birrell)

Hohendahl, Peter Uwe, Prismatic Thought: Theodor W. Adorno (Karla L. Schultz)

Jäger, Christian und Erhard Schütz, Hrsg., Glänzender Asphalt. Berlin Feuilleton der Weimarer Republik (Stephen Brockmann)

Kaminski, Nicola, Der Liebe Eisen = harte Noth. “Cardenio und Celinde” im Kontext von Gryphius’ Märtyrerdramen (Hugo Bekker)

Kolb, Jocelyne, The Ambiguity of Taste: Freedom and Food in European Romanticism (Melitta Adamson)

Kraft, Thomas, Fahnenflucht & Kriegsneurose. Gegenbilder zur Ideologie des Kampfes in der deutschsprachigen Literatur nach dem Zweiten Weltkrieg (Irmgard Hunt)

Kutzmutz, Olaf, Grabbe: Klassiker ex negativo (Ulrich Wesche)

Leventhal, Robert, ed., Reading after Foucault: Institutions, Disciplines, and Technologies of the Self in Germany 1750–1830 (Robert Holub)

Lützeler, Paul Michael, Hrsg., Hoffnung Europa. Deutsche Essays von Novalis bis Enzensberger (Fred Sommer)

Mauser, Wolfram und Günter Sasse, Hrsg., Streitkultur: Strategien des überzeugens im Werk Lessings (John T. Brewer)

Reeve, William C., The Federfuchser/Penpusher from Lessing to Grillparzer: A Study Focused on Grillparzer’s Ein Bruderzwist in Habsburg (James L. Hodge)

Renz, Christine, Gottfried Kellers “Sieben Legenden.” Versuch einer Darstellung seines Erzählens (Dominik Müller)

Schlich, Jutta, Phänomenologie der Wahrnehmung von Literatur. Am Beispiel von Elfriede Jelineks “Lust” (1989) (Hans J. Rindisbacher)

Schormann, Sabine, Bettine von Arnim. Die Bedeutung Schleiermachers für ihr Leben und Werk (Lorely French)

Würzner, Hans und Karl Kröhnke, Hrsg., Deutsche Literatur im Exil in den Niederlanden 1933–1940 (James R. Keller)

Wysling, Hans und Yvonne Schmidlin, Hrsg., Thomas Mann—Ein Leben in Bildern (Frederick A. Lubich)