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Volume 46, 1996, p. 1417

The "Prime Suspect" - The Infantile Esotropia Syndrome (Abstract)
O A Cruz, M.D.

Infantile esotropia is the most common form of strabismus. Essential characteristics include a constant esotropia with an onset of between birth and six months of age, deviation not eliminated by hyperopic correction and occurs in an otherwise neurologically normal infant. Associated findings can include cross-fixation, amblyopia, oblique muscle dysfunction, dissociated strabismus, nystagmus, and torticollis. Surgical correction during infancy provides the best chance for binocular cooperation; however, mechanical realignment is not a cure of infantile esotropia.