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Inside Rwanda’s Gacaca Courts
Seeking Justice after Genocide

Critical Human Rights
Steve J. Stern and Scott Straus, Series Editors


The difficult path to peace in the wake of horrific crimes

After the 1994 genocide in Rwanda, victims, perpetrators, and the country as a whole struggled to deal with the legacy of the mass violence. The government responded by creating a new version of a traditional grassroots justice system called gacaca. Bert Ingelaere, based on his observation of two thousand gacaca trials, offers a comprehensive assessment of what these courts set out to do, how they worked, what they achieved, what they did not achieve, and how they affected Rwandan society.

Weaving together vivid firsthand recollections, interviews, and trial testimony with systematic analysis, Ingelaere documents how the gacaca shifted over time from confession to accusation, from restoration to retribution. He precisely articulates the importance of popular conceptions of what is true and just. Marked by methodological sophistication, extraordinary evidence, and deep knowledge of Rwanda, this is an authoritative, nuanced, and bittersweet account of one of the most important experiments in transitional justice after mass violence.


Bert Ingelaere Bert Ingelaere is a lecturer at the Institute of Development Policy and Management, University of Antwerp, Belgium. He is the coeditor of Genocide, Risk and Resilience: An Interdisciplinary Approach.




“This masterful study provides a balanced, nuanced assessment of Rwanda’s local courts, showing how diverse social dynamics influenced both the operations of gacaca and its outcomes in different local communities. Essential reading for anyone interested in transitional justice and conflict resolution, in Rwanda and beyond.”
—Catharine Newbury, Smith College

“Rigorous and reliable. It has much to say about the difficulties of reconciliation politics.”


Additional Resources

Listen to Bert Ingelaere speaking about this book:

New Books Network podcast http://newbooksnetwork.com/bert-ingelaere-inside-rwandas-gacaca-courts-seeking-justice-after-genocide-u-wisconsin-press-2016/



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Of Related Interest

From War to Genocide

From War to Genocide
Criminal Politics in Rwanda, 1990–1994
André Guichaoua; translated by Don E. Webster

Court of Remorse

Court of Remorse
Inside the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda
Thierry Cruvellier

Inside Rwanda’s Gacaca Courts
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December 2016
LC: 2016012951 KTD
256 pp. 6 × 9
2 figures, 1 map, 15 tables

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Casebound $64.95
ISBN 978-0-299-30970-1
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