The University of Wisconsin Press

African Studies / Anthropology / History


Kings and Clans
Ijwi Island and the Lake Kivu Rift, 1780–1840
David Newbury

Kings and Clans questions the assumption that "clans," as traditionally defined by anthropologists and historians, are static structures that hamper political centralization.

By reconstructing the history of kings and clans in the Kivu Rift Valley (on the border of today's Rwanda and Zaire) at a time of critical social change, David Newbury enlarges our understanding of social process and the growth of state power in Africa. In the early nineteenth century, many factors contributed to the creation of new social relations in the Lake Kivu region—ecological change, population movement, the expansion of the Rwandan state from the east, the rise of new political units to the west, and the movement of many population groups and their ritual forms through the area. Newbury looks in particular at the role of clans in the establishment of a new kingdom on Ijwi Island in Lake Kivu.

Drawing on detailed ethnographic observations of the social and ritual organizations of Ijwi society, an extensive body of oral data, and evidence from written sources, Newbury shows that the clans of Ijwi were not static formations, nor did the establishment of a royal family on the island emerge from military conquest and internal social breakdown. Instead, clan identities changed over time, and these changes actually facilitated the creation of kingship on Ijwi. Through a detailed examination of succession struggles, of local factors influencing the outcome of such struggles, and of specific clan participation in public rituals that legitimize royalty, Newbury’s study illustrates the importance of clan identities in both the creation of state power and its reproduction over time.

David Newbury is associate professor of history at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill.

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Newbury's book is green and black with a black and white photo of the Muganuro ceremony on Ijwi

Paperback originally published Spring 1992

LC: 91-028932 DT
384 pp.   6 x 9
14 maps, 2 charts
ISBN-10: 0-299-12894-6
ISBN-13: 978-0-299-12894-4
Paper $24.95 x

The cloth edition is out of print.

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